Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, and the condition is irreversible, making early detection and treatment of paramount importance. At KLM Eye MDs in Brooklyn, New York, the team of ophthalmologists is trained to identify the early signs of glaucoma. Since glaucoma often has no symptoms and family history is a risk factor, it’s critical to see your ophthalmologist regularly. Call or book an appointment online today.
Glaucoma is the name of a group of diseases that produce vision loss by damaging your optic nerve. There are several types of glaucoma, but the two most common are:
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It happens gradually and is a condition where your eyes can't drain fluid properly, leading to a buildup of pressure that over time damages your optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is usually painless and causes no vision changes early in the disease.
Your eyes produce a fluid called the aqueous, and this fluid needs to pass through your eye and drain out through an area called the angle of the eye, which is located between your iris and your cornea. When this drain doesn’t function well, fluid and pressure can build up in your eyes.
This type of glaucoma can be chronic or acute. An acute attack of angle closure glaucoma occurs when your drainage area (the angle of the eye) closes off completely, which leads to pain, blurry vision, headache, and nausea, and ultimately vision loss.
This is an ocular emergency that requires immediate intervention. If you have any concerns about this condition, call KLM Eye MDs right away.
The more common form of glaucoma is open-angle glaucoma. This form of the disease happens slowly, without any symptoms, so regular eye exams at KLM Eye MDs make all the difference.
During these exams, your doctor performs an intraocular pressure test, called tonometry, to check for any signs of fluid buildup. Your doctor also examines your drainage angle using a technique called gonioscopy and measures your corneal thickness using pachymetry.
Scans of your optic nerves using the latest OCT technology are done, as well as a test of your peripheral vision. All these tests are painless, noninvasive, and are done right in the office.
With these screening tests, your doctor can spot the early signs of glaucoma and get you started on a treatment plan. It’s crucial that you’re screened for glaucoma if there’s any family history of this disease.
To treat your glaucoma, your doctor starts with eye drops that improve drainage or decrease the amount of fluid in your eyes. If your eyes become unresponsive to the drops, your doctor may recommend laser or surgical treatment.
KLM Eye MDs has a glaucoma specialist, Dr. Laurey Mogil. She specializes in the diagnosis and ongoing management of glaucoma. The physicians of KLM Eye perform laser therapies for the treatment of various forms of glaucoma. These include laser trabeculoplasty, laser iridectomy, and laser gonioplasty; all lasers are performed on-site at KLM Eye MD.
If surgery is necessary as a more advanced treatment, the surgeons at KLM Eye MD can perform minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) as a stand-alone procedure or in combination with cataract surgery if indicated.
Glaucoma is a treatable disease, not a curable disease; it is imperative that if you are at risk of developing glaucoma, or have been diagnosed with glaucoma, that you see your ophthalmologist regularly and as advised.